The single largest use of the “ann“ products is as fillings for bread (annpan), steamed breads or dumplings and sweet cakes. Although many other beans and legumes are also used to make these pastes the Azuki Bean is the most prized due to its desirable red color, its delicate flavor and the characteristic grainy texture of the pastes made from it.
Pearl barley is by far the most popular form of barley in the United States. Extensive processing removes the two outer hulls along with the bran layer resulting in uniformly-sized, ivory grains with very little fiber. This processing makes it less chewy to the bite, but it also removes a vast majority of the barley’s inherent nutrition. Its flavor is mild and nutty, and it cooks in 30 to 45 minutes.
Broad bean is the same species as Faba bean (Vicia faba minor) and markets are also similar (i.e. mainly Middle East) but they have a wider Australian use, for example they are exported to Southern Europe and also South East Asia where they are roasted for use as snack food.
Faba bean originated in the Middle East and are now an important food crop in China and many Mediterranean and African countries. As Faba beans receive greater attention in the western word, because of the value in livestock nutrition and crop rotation, there will be an increasing export potential for Australian grain.